BearWise #3

Remove Bird Feeders
When Bears Are Active

Birdseed and grains have lots of calories, so they’re very attractive to bears. Removing feeders is the best way to avoid creating conflicts with bears.

Bird Feeders Can Become Bear Feeders

Bird seed has lots of calories — over 18,000 in a typical 7-pound feeder. So, bird feeders can be enticing sources of food for black bears.

If you decide to feed birds when bears are active, you need to make your bird feeder bear-resistant. Visit the Keep Bears Out page for bear-resistant bird feeder ideas.

When bears are active, the best option is to remove bird feeders. However, bears in the temperate Southeast can be active year-round. Call your local fish and game agency to find out when bears are active in your area.

bear raiding a bird feeder
Photo: VDGIF

Don’t “reward” bears for coming into your yard

Wild black bears are normally shy of humans and will stay away from people and their residences. However, readily accessible bird seed “rewards” bears for overcoming their natural fear of humans and makes them likely to return.

Even if a bear can’t reach your feeder, the sight and smell will still attract them. Bears have been seen sitting under feeders for hours, trying to figure out how to get them down. While they’re thinking, they may look around to see if there’s anything else interesting at your place. Be extra vigilant and make sure you’ve thoroughly bear-proofed your home, garage, and property.

“In Florida, bear activity levels are through the roof from March until early to mid-December, and then drop dramatically.  So if there was a season where it’s OK to feed birds here, I would say from Christmas to St Patrick’s Day.”

David Telesco, Bear Management Program Coordinator
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission

Bear family raiding bird feeder

Check for wildlife feeding regulations

In some states, feeding bears intentionally or even unintentionally is illegal, because it creates a dangerous situation for neighborhoods. Check with your local fish and game agency for wildlife feeding regulations in your area.

Visit the Keep Bears Out page for bear-resistant bird feeding options.

This mother bear and cubs with the toppled bird feeder are in trouble! Once bears find birdseed and other human-provided food, they face a much higher chance of being removed, are more apt to be struck by vehicles, or shot and trapped (illegally or legally).

Other ways to attract birds

Here are a few tips on how to enjoy birds in your backyard without attracting bears to bird feeders:

  • Water, either in a bird bath or as running water, can attract a wider variety of birds year-round than a bird feeder.
  • Nest boxes are important for birds these days, to make up for the loss of standing dead trees (snags) with natural cavities. Leave snags for birds whenever it is safe to do so. Your local Audubon chapter may be able to tell you what type of nest boxes are most needed in your area.
  • Add brightly colored, trumpet-shaped flowers to your garden, or buy ready-to-hang baskets of hardy annuals to attract hummingbirds, butterflies and a variety of beneficial insects.
  • Native plants are hands down the best for supporting bird life. Your local nursery can recommend native species that will thrive in your area. The National Wildlife Federation also offers lots of information on how to create a wildlife-friendly landscape as well as a certification program.
birds at bird bath
Photo: Mike's Birds